Republic Day in India (2022)

Republic Day is a national holiday in India, commemorating and celebrating the date on which the Indian Constitution took effect on 26 January 1950, displacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the country's governing document and transforming the country into a newly constituted republic. Additionally, the day commemorates India's transition from an autonomous Commonwealth realm with the British Monarch as nominal head of the Indian Dominion to a fully sovereign republic within the Commonwealth of Nations with the Indian President as nominal head of the Indian Union.


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The Indian Constituent Assembly enacted the Constitution on 26 November 1949, and it took effect on 26 January 1950, establishing a democratic governance system and completing the country's transition to independence. The date 26 January was chosen for Republic Day since it was on this date in 1930 that the Indian National Congress proclaimed the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) in place of the Realm status as a Dominion afterwards established by the leaving British Regime. Republic Day is a national holiday in India, commemorating and celebrating the date on which the Indian Constitution took effect on 26 January 1950, displacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the country's governing document and transforming the country into a newly constituted republic. Additionally, the day commemorates India's transition from an autonomous Commonwealth realm with the British Monarch as nominal head of the Indian Dominion to a fully sovereign republic within the Commonwealth of Nations with the Indian President as nominal head of the Indian Union.


The Indian Constituent Assembly enacted the Constitution on 26 November 1949, and it took effect on 26 January 1950, establishing a democratic governance system and completing the country's transition to independence. The date 26 January was chosen for Republic Day since it was on this date in 1930 that the Indian National Congress proclaimed the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) in place of the Realm status as a Dominion afterwards established by the leaving British Regime.



History:

On 15 August 1947, India gained independence from the British Raj as a result of the Indian independence struggle. The Indian Independence Act 1947 (10 & 11 Geo 6 c 30) was a United Kingdom statute that partitioned British India into two new sovereign Dominions of the British Commonwealth (later Commonwealth of Nations). India gained independence as a constitutional monarchy on 15 August 1947, with George VI as head of state and Earl Mountbatten as governor-general. However, the country lacked a permanent constitution and instead operated under the modified colonial Government of India Act 1935. On 29 August 1947, a resolution was introduced to establish a Drafting Committee to design a permanent constitution, chaired by Dr B R Ambedkar. While India's Independence Day commemorates the country's independence from British rule, Republic Day commemorates the country's constitution's ratification. The committee drafted a constitution and presented it to the Constituent Assembly on 4 November 1947. Before adopting the Constitution, the Assembly met for 166 days in open sessions over a period of two years, 11 months, and 18 days. After much deliberation and revisions, the Assembly's 308 members signed two handwritten versions of the text (one in Hindi and one in English) on 24 January 1950. [4] It took effect nationwide two days later, on 26 January 1950. Dr. Rajendra Prasad began his first tenure as President of the Indian Union on that day. The Constituent Assembly was renamed the Parliament of India under the new Constitution's transitional provisions. The President addresses the country on the eve of Republic Day.



How is Republic Day observed in India?

The holiday's centrepiece is a large parade in New Delhi's capital, which features cultural, historical, and military demonstrations. Prior to the march, the prime minister will lay a wreath at the Amar Jawan Jyoti, an arched war memorial, and observe a moment of silence in memory of slain troops.


Throughout the country, smaller parades, cultural events, public festivities, and private parties take place, since the majority of businesses, schools, and government offices are closed. The festivities conclude on January 29 with the Beating Retreat Ceremony in New Delhi, which features performances by bands from the Indian Army, Navy, and Air Force.



Republic Day parade in Delhi

The Delhi Republic Day parade is the largest and most significant of the parades commemorating India's Republic Day. The procession is held annually on January 26th at Rajpath in New Delhi. It is the centrepiece of India's three-day Republic Day celebrations. The first parade took place in 1950, and it has been held annually since then.


The parade proceeds along the Rajpath from the Rashtrapati Bhawan to India Gate and then to the Red Fort. It begins with the President of India unfurling the national flag. This is followed by parading from many Army, Navy, and Air Force regiments, as well as their bands. Tableaux representing the cultures of several states are exhibited. The march concludes with a beating retreat ceremony.

 

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